Terrazzo Floor Restoration Stourbridge – Abbey Floor Care

This post was first shown on http://www.abbeyfloorcare.co.uk/terrazzo/terrazzo-floor-restoration-stourbridge-abbey-floor-care/

This terrazzo floor restoration Stourbridge project is the completion of a project shown here.

The onset of rain meant that we could not complete the terrazzo floor polishing work on the outdoor patio area until there was a period of sustained dry weather.

When we returned to the site to complete the terrazzo skirting, edges and facings.

terrazzo restoration stourbridge - Abbey Floor Care

 

This image above shows the terrazzo weather damaged and stained skirting.

terrazzo floor restoration stourbridge - Abbey Floor Care

The image above shows how the weather has worn and stained the Portland cement in the terrazzo.

We are often asked “how to clean Terrazzo floors yourself” from do it yourself enthusiasts. This project is a great example of why terrazzo floor restoration is best left to professionals.

The first reason is the need for the right equipment and the cost of this equipment.

  • An M  class vacuum for the fine grinding dust
  • A variable speed hand grinder
  • An eccentric sanding machine with a soft head attachment
  • Dry use diamond grinding and honing pads
  • 110v transformer
  • personal protective equipment

The equipment cost alone for this work is over £2,000.

Terrazzo Floor Restoration Process

We started the project by polishing the horizontal faces of the skirting with the  variable speed hand grinder and diamond grinding pads.

The curved section at the base of the skirting and the face was restored with  the eccentric sanding machine  using a soft head attachment for the internal curves in the skirting.

image of how to clean terrazzo skirting - Abbey Floor Care

The image above shows the finished results following the restoration of the terrazzo skirting.

I ground and honed the terrazzo edges and faces using the hand held grinder and diamond pads.

The pictures below show the finished terrazzo stone floor renovation.

cleaning terrazzo floors stourbridge

The image above shows the facing of the terrazzo patio during the restoration process. The dark area of the facing shows the original staining on the stone.

how to clean old terrazzo floors stourbridge - Abbey Floor Care

The pictures above and below shows the terrazzo patio facing after grinding and honing, revealing a beautiful clean terrazzo finish.

showing how to clean terrazzo stourbridge - Abbey Floor Care

As the floor is outdoors, I applied a high quality synthetic sealer specially made for outdoor use. These sealers have a strong solvent smell as they dry, so they are not recommended for use indoors. The sealers also contain ingredients to protect them from the damaging effects of ultra violet light.

I hope you found this project interesting and informative. If you are looking for help with terrazzo floor restoration or terrazzo floor polishing please use the simple contact form below and we will be happy to help you.

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Please give the approximate sizes of your floors, the condition – (chips, scratches, marks, lippage, dity grout} etc.

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Terrazzo Floor Polishing Kinver Stourbridge DY7 Abbey Floor Care

This post was first shown on http://www.abbeyfloorcare.co.uk/terrazzo/terrazzo-floor-polishing-kinver-stourbridge-dy7/

This is a terrazzo floor polishing project in Kinver, Stourbridge. The terrazzo flooring is laid in 300mm square terrazzo tiles on an indoor and outdoor patio area.

The outdoor has suffered from the weather and poor maintenance.

terrazzo floor polishing kinver stourbridge dy4 before picture

This close-up of the terrazzo floor shows how the portland cement in the terrazzo has been worn away by a combination of weather, chemicals, moss etc.

The indoor terrazzo was in much better condition, but it was still soiled with a soiled, patchy finish. The finish probably happened before the conservatory was built over it.  When the area was still an outdoor patio, exposed to the elements and cleaned with strong cleaning chemicals.

Terrazzo Floor Polishing Kinver – The Polishing Process

We started on the outdoor area first, deep grinding the terrazzo with 30 grit diamonds and 50 grit diamonds.

The grinding removed the damaged surface and smoothed any uneven tiles, leaving the floor smooth and ready for honing.

There was quite a lot of grinding as we needed to remove around 3mm of tile to account for uneven tiles and reveal a new even surface.

We then honed the floor with 100 grit diamonds and 200 grit diamonds. The honing closed the stone, leaving a smooth, non-slip hard wearing finish, ideal for and outdoor floor.

 

We then sealed the floor with a high quality impregnating sealer.

Before we could start work on the edges of the patio, it started to rain, so we had to stop work on the outside and start work on the indoor area.

The weather was still against us after finishing the indoor area, so we had to wait a few months before we could guarantee good weather.

We used a similar process on the indoor terrazzo floor. The floor was in much better condition, so we did not need to grind the floor as much as the outdoor floor.

Although the indoor area was four times larger than the outdoor area, it only took twice the time to grind and hone the floor because it was in much better condition.

The only issue with the indoor floor was that it was laid on a slight incline and grinding a floor uphill is hard work when you are over 60.

As the work was indoors, I could hone and clean the skirting tiles.

After the floor was cleaned and dry, we applied 2 coats of high quality impregnating sealer.

We also supplied the customer with microfiber cleaning equipment and chemicals. If you look after a terrazzo floor, it will look beautiful and be easy to clean for years. If you don’t look after your terrazzo floor then it will quickly degrade into a dull, hard to clean nightmare.

If you are looking for terrazzo polishing we will be delighted to help. Use the simple contact form below for a free, no-obligations quotation to restore your travertine floor

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Cheap Simple Kit To Repair Holes In Travertine Floor Tiles For Under £20

This post was first shown on http://www.abbeyfloorcare.co.uk/travertine/cheap-travertine-repair-kit/

Are you looking for a simple, cheap travertine repair kit to fill holes appearing in your beautiful Travertine Floor?

This article will show you how to get an easy to use repair kit for travertine for under £20, that will last you for years to come.

Before we start, it is worth wile understanding why holes appear and more importantly why they will continue to appear.

Why Do Holes Appear In Honed Travertine Tiles

Natural travertine is full of holes , caused by gas bubbled trapped in the stone when it first formed, leaving the stone sponge like, with a honeycomb structure.

If you look at the underside of the tile you will see the natural holes in the stone.

Back face of filled travertine tile

Back face of a filled travertine tile

Front face of filled travertine tile

Front face of a filled travertine tile

When the stone is processed into floor tiles, the holes on the facing surface of the tile are filled before smoothing and polishing.

That is why the tiles are called filled travertine.

Holes appear in filled travertine tiles for two reasons:

  • a hole just below the surface is exposed when the thin layer of stone above it is damaged.
  • filler in an existing hole breaks down.

The problem with holes is that they fill with dirt, making your floor look ugly.

There are two ways to fill holes in travertine tiles.

Two-part resin based filler or sanded grout.

We recommend homeowners to use sanded grout for a travertine repair kit. Even if you enjoy diy, we still suggest that you use sanded grout because grout filling is much cheaper, easier to do and gives you excellent results.

Filling Travertine Holes With Sanded Grout

You Will Need

  1. 5kg bag Mapei Keracolour FF, available here  £6.20
  2. Some water or 1 litre bottle of Mapei Fugolastic available here for £4.60. The Fugolastic makes the grout harder and more improves its water resistance.
  3. A few disposable party cups or bowls and plastic spoons  etc for around £1.50
  4. A few pairs of disposable vinyl or plastic gloves, £1.50
  5. A dry microfiber cloth £1.00
  6. The bowls, spoons, gloves and cloth are all available from Wickes or your local supermarket; Azda, Testo, Sainsburys etc.

I suggest you keep all the items ready in a box ready for use.

Most hole repairs will need one to three teaspoons of grout, so the grout will last you a long time.

How to mix the grout

Mix one or two teaspoons of grout with the recommended amount of water or fugolistic additive With small quantities like this, I use a pair of electronic kitchen scales, because you will be working in grams of water or additive.

Thoroughly mix the grout and then leave it undisturbed for around five minutes. This is a critical step to allow the grout to slake.

Slaking is an industry term for allowing the liquid to completely penetrate the grout.

The grout will usually stiffen during the slake time and appear unworkable and difficult to spread. To return the grout to a workable consistency, all you need to do is remix the grout without adding any more liquid. The action of the mixing will return the grout to a workable consistency

If you want to understand more about slaking watch this video.

Put some grout into the holes and smooth them off with the back of the spoon or your gloved fingers.

travertine repair kit

If the hole is large, you can use a decorating knife

cheap repair kit for travertine

Don’t spend much time trying to smooth the grout, that will come later.

Leave the grout until you see the grout residue around the repair start to dry and opaque.

travertine filler

Use the dry microfiber cloth and gently rub the cloth over the repair to remove the excess grout and opaque grout haze off the tile. This process will smooth the grout.

wipe away excess travertine filler

Use a vacuum cleaner nozzzle to vacuum up the grout dust.

vacuum away dry dust

Leave the grout to go hard overnight.

Voila -you will have a hard wearing, long lasting repair just like the repair in this video

Filling Travertine Holes With Two Part Resin Fillers

If you search online for a travertine repair kit you will see plenty excellent resin-based filler alternatives such as:

Tenax travertine filler

 

 

 

We use all of these fillers, and they do an excellent job of filling holes, however they are best used by professional restorers because they are not simple to use.

  • the resins in them have a strong smell that you may find unpleasant.
  • if you get these resins on your skin, you need acetone to remove them, which will irritate your skin
  • the resins will start to set after around 5 minutes, so if you have a lot of holes to fill, you will need to mix a number of batches.
  • there will be a small amount of resin above the repair that needs to be smoothed flat with the surface of the tile. There are two options for smoothing resin.

Grinding Travertine Filler

Grinding the filler smooth is done with a slow speed grinding machine and special carbide pads. The machines cost over £200.00 (Our machines cost over £400.00) and the disks cost at least £50.00 per pack. You also need a vacuum to remove the dust. Also, you need to take care not to damage the surrounding surface of the stone.

Scraping Travertine Filler

Small repairs, under 10mm diameter, can be scraped using a sharp blade. Again this is not as easy as the instructions lead you to believe. First you need to kneel or lie down on the floor while you work. Next you need to scrape backwards and forward over the filler, gradually shaving off small amounts until the filler is smooth with the stone. Filler is a hard material and this can easily take 30 mins to achieve. Finally, it is extremely difficult not to scratch the surrounding tile, especially when your fingers are tired.

If you are an enthusiastic diy’er, then these issues should be of little concern to you. But is you are not keen on diy, then we recommend you use a sanded grout.

This information on a cheap simple travertine repair kit is ideal for filling the odd hole that appears in your travertine. However if your travertine floor has lots of holes filled with soil, then please contact us here for our professional travertine restoration service.

This post is an update to our post on travertine tile repair following requests for a more in-depth explanation of the process.

 

Stone Floor Cleaning Services In Leicester

This post was first shown on http://www.abbeyfloorcare.co.uk/cleaning-services-in-leicester/

lady-in-leicester-worried-about-her-dirty-stone-floor

The Ultimate Stone Floor Cleaning Services In Leicester

Is ingrained soil stopping you enjoying your stone floor?

Hire Professional stone floor cleaning services in Leicester to create the clean, bright, new finish you’ve always dreamed about.


LET ME HELP


CLICK TO START

We Have The Knowledge, Experience and Equipment To Transform Your Stone Floors

As well as looking beautiful, our cleaning services in Leicester will make your floor will be so much easier to clean. High-quality sealers and finishes make your stone highly water and soil repellent, which means that they are easier to clean.

Our technical experts will also give you a stone floor care, showing you:

  • how often you should clean your floor
  • the best way to clean your floor
  • the best equipment to use
  • the right floor cleaners that will help protect your floor rather than damage it.

testimonial for Abbey Floor Caare Mrs Alhmbrasani Nottiingham

I hated my floor. It quickly lost its shine and soon after ugly spots started to appear all over it. I followed lots of advice about how to clean stone floors, but it was very difficult to clean.  Abbey Floor Care cleaned and polished my floor. My floor looks brand new and fabulous. I’m so pleased.

Mrs. Alhmbrasani
becky-kooner

David has restored floors at my home and offices. The work was excellent. As always, David is always courteous and just keeps on going until the work is done. 

Mrs. Kooner

In Just Four Easy Steps Your Stone Floors Can Look Beautiful Again

1. Contact Us By Email Or Phone

Call 0800 6795 0180 or click right here to contact us.

2. Tell Us All About Your Problems

Our contact form gives you the opportunity to tell us all about the issues with your floor. A picture speaks a thousand words, so please send photos of your floors highlighting the issues. We may call you to have a chat about your floor to understand your problems.

3. Receive A Free Of Charge Cost Estimate

In most situations we can give you a reasonable guide of the costs included in any restoration.

We sill send you full documentation, detailing;

  • The costs.
    • There’ll be no covert costs or surcharges, our rates will be completely up front.
  • The work involved.
    • We will include details about similar work we have done so you can get an idea of what’s involved and the finish you will get.
  • The timescale.

So you are armed with all the information you need to make a considered, informed decision.

4. Agree A Date To Start The Work

If you feel that the estimated cost is within your budget, we’ll organize an appointment to start the work. A couple of days prior to your job, if you prefer, we can give you a call to confirm that is ok and validate the details.

We will show up on the agreed date and at the agreed to start work.

The Result Is A Beautiful Floor That Will Stay Cleaner For Longer

cleaning services in leicester

Get In Touch

You can always phone us on 0800 695 0180 about our cleaning services in Leicester, or just complete the simple contact form below for a free quotation.

Your Name (required)

Your Email (required)

Your Town or Post Code (required)

Subject(required)

Your Message (required)
Please give the approximate sizes of your floors, the condition – (chips, scratches, marks, lippage, dity grout} etc.

If you have any images, please upload them below, max 4 images




Marble Polishing

Expert Marble Polishing In Leicester

Marble floors are the ultimate in luxuriousness and genuinely provide a touch of class to any home.

Marble tiles are without a doubt at the top end of the natural stone flooring scale. The very best marble available on the market today is Italian, and we would recommend if possible, that you invest in Italian marble tiles that are likewise machined in Italy.

There are cheaper Italian marble tiles readily available that have been machined in China. These have sometimes been machined across-the-bed.

This means that slab is sliced perpendicular to the main direction of the veining and in eventually will start to flake and chip.

Always ensure your marble comes direct or was sourced from a trusted provider.

Marble is a hard-wearing natural stone. While luxurious and instantly recognisable, marble requires routine upkeep and sealers are needed to guard against staining and scratches.

Does Your Marble Floor Demand Professional Restoration?

Marble polishing and restoration is multi-step process, required when a floor has not been taken care of appropriately, or it needs to be restored as a result of heavy scratching and wear.

Diamond impregnated marble polishing tooling and heavy stone polishing devices are employed for marble floor restoration.

What makes marble shine is marble polishing powder in conjunction with marble polishing pads for a mirror-like gloss. Finally the marble is sealed employing a high quality impregnating marble sealer.

Customers typically call call us as a “fast polish” of their marble floor has not given them the initial shine and visual appeal. If a marble floor requires restoration, a simple lambswool buff of a marble floor will not restore it.

I wish it did. That would be so much simpler. But if that did work, there would be no demand for a marble restoration market.

If you are not caring for and polishing your marble floor to a good standard, you are not conserving any money.

In the short term you might conserve some loose change, however this misjudgment or oversight will cost you considerably in the long term.

You never ever should let your floor get so bad that you need to have expert restoration regularly.

Professional restoration ought to be a very unusual event for a well kept floor.

In reality, when it comes down to taking care of marble and other natural stone floors, you either pay a little bit now or you pay lots later.

If you presume that you are conserving extra money by not paying for consistent routine service, the charges will be much higher when you have to restore your floor.

When you invest in regular upkeep, choosing the best cleaners and equipment, your floor constantly look excellent and you can prevent expensive restoration completely, or if not, considerably extend time between restorations.

In the end regular maintenance is the better choice.

How Much Does Marble Cleaning Cost In Leicester

A typical question we get from customers in Nottingham is:

How much will it cost to clean and polish my marble?

The charge to clean and polish marble is dependent on the condition of the floor tiles, scratches, damage, soiling etc. In many cases, we can make an assessment from good quality photos. That’s why we ask you to send us photographs of your floor.

If we need additional info from you, we typically contact you by e-mail, for any additional information.

When we have all the information, we can provide a detailed cost and timescale for the work.

Travertine Cleaning

Leicester Travertine Tile Cleaning Services

Travertine is formed from hot underground water. The water liquifies the underlying travertine and other minerals. The dissolved minerals develop gas bubbles, similar to the bubbles in carbonated drinks.

As the water vaporizes, the dissolved minerals solidify around the gas bubbles, producing a brand-new layer of stone. This brand-new layer of stone is now loaded with various size holes, giving it a with a honeycomb texture just like cinder toffee.

Travertine is offered in a 3 grades.

High Premium Solid Travertine Tiles

This Travertine has very few or no holes and is usually supplied in 20mm thick tiles. The travertine is more expensive due to the fact that there is little of it per square metre of Travertine. Floors are frequently finished to a high shine and sealed with an impregnating sealer.

Cleaning Tumbled Travertine Tiles Leicester

Tumbled travertine is cut from the honeycomb rock and often supplied in 20mm thick tiles, nevertheless there are also 12mm thick tiles offered.

When tumbled travertine tiles are laid, the cavities are grouted as well as the area between the tiles. The final surface depends on the skill and dedication of the installer.

Unfortunately we have run across lots of setups where the tiler has not taken care and hurried the grout cleaning procedure, getting rid of a great deal of the grout out of the holes, leaving as much as 3mm deep fill.

With Tumbled travertine there can be holes that are only safeguarded by an eggshell layer of Travertine, that will appear as holes . These holes need to be filled as quickly as possible, as if overlooked the issue will deteriorate and the hole will get bigger.

Filling holes in Travertine is a simple job.

Mix a small amount of Jasmine coloured grout with water and fill the hole. Remove any grout residue off the surrounding tile working with a dry cloth.
Vacuum any residual grout dust. Ensure to apply a small amount of sealer to the grout repair using a little paint brush or a q-tip.

Tumbled Travertine Sealing Leicester

With tumbled travertine, we advise sealing the tiles with a topical coating.

Surface sealants do not wear as well as the stone itself, so the sealer will begin to display indications of wear in traffic areas. Expert cleaners are readily available that can top-up the sealer, helping it to last longer.

You can also use a new layer of sealer every 6 or 12 months. This will keep your Travertine looking great for years instead of months.

Cleaning Honed Travertine

Up to 50% of a honed Travertine tile can be filler and the tiles are typically provided in 12mm thick tiles.

When buying honed and filled travertine, it is extremely important to take a look at the side of the tile and see just how permeable and just how many air bubbles are present.

If holes exist near the surface of the tile, this can indicate they are only shielded on the surface with an eggshell layer of stone and may appear as holes at some time later.

These holes have to be filled as quickly as possible, because if left disregarded the issue will get worse and the hole will grow.

If you have the chance to choose the tiles yourself, attempt to use tiles with the least filler, because these tiles have the least quantity of holes.

Just like Tumbled travertine, you ought to fill brand-new holes as they appear, to stop soil entering the hole, making it look like a dirty black mark. Filling holes is finest done throughout regular maintenance of your floor.

Honed Travertine Sealing Leicester

If you have honed travertine tiles, you have the option of sealing the tiles with a surface sealer or an impregnating sealer. New tiles can be sealed with a penetrating.
We would recommend sealing old and worn travertine floors with a topical or surface finishing as with tumbled travertine.


Stone Floor Cleaning Services Nottingham

This post was first shown on http://www.abbeyfloorcare.co.uk/stone-floor-cleaning-nottingham/

Stone Floor Cleaning Services Nottingham

Welcome to Abbey Floor Care – professional, stone floor cleaning Nottingham. For safe, reliable stone cleaning, polishing and sealing service on all popular stone types.

We have the equipment and experience to bring the original finish back to worn, dull domestic and commercial stone floors.

As a starting point, get your free advice from our Marble and Stone Expert, David Allen


LET ME HELP


CLICK TO START

We Have The Knowledge, Experience and Equipment To Transform Your Stone Floors

As well as looking beautiful, our stone floor cleaning Nottingham will make your marble, travertine or other floors so much easier to clean. High-quality sealers and finishes make your stone highly water and soil repellent, which means that they are easier to clean.

Our technical experts will also give you a stone floor care, showing you:

  • how often you should clean your floor
  • the best way to clean your floor
  • the best equipment to use
  • the right floor cleaners that will help protect your floor rather than damage it.

testimonial for Abbey Floor Caare Mrs Alhmbrasani Nottiingham

I hated my floor. It quickly lost its shine and soon after ugly spots started to appear all over it. I followed lots of advice about how to clean stone floors, but it was very difficult to clean.  Abbey Floor Care cleaned and polished my floor. My floor looks brand new and fabulous. I’m so pleased.

Mrs. Alhmbrasani
becky-kooner

David has restored floors at my home and offices. The work was excellent. As always, David is always courteous and just keeps on going until the work is done. 

Mrs. Kooner

The Result Is A Beautiful Floor That Will Stay Cleaner For Longer

The before and after photos below demonstrate how our specialist stone floor cleaning Nottingham can transform dull, scratched ugly floors into beautiful, shiny floors that make you proud.

From removing old surface coatings from quarry tiles and marble to re-surfacing dirty limestone, travertine and granite.

In Just Four Easy Steps Your Stone Floors Can Look Beautiful Again

1. Contact Us By Email Or Phone

Call 0800 6795 0180 or click right here to contact us.

2. Tell Us All About Your Problems

Our contact form gives you the opportunity to tell us all about the issues with your floor. A picture speaks a thousand words, so please send photos of your floors highlighting the issues. We may call you to have a chat about your floor to understand your problems.

3. Receive A Free Of Charge Cost Estimate

In most situations we can give you a reasonable guide of the costs included in any restoration.

We sill send you full documentation, detailing;

  • The costs.
    • There’ll be no covert costs or surcharges, our rates will be completely up front.
  • The work involved.
    • We will include details about similar work we have done so you can get an idea of what’s involved and the finish you will get.
  • The timescale.

So you are armed with all the information you need to make a considered, informed decision.

4. Agree A Date To Start The Work

If you feel that the estimated cost is within your budget, we’ll organize an appointment to start the work. A couple of days prior to your job, if you prefer, we can give you a call to confirm that is ok and validate the details.

We will show up on the agreed date and at the agreed to start work.

Get In Touch

You can always phone us on 0800 695 0180 or just complete the simple contact form below for a free quotation.

Your Name (required)

Your Email (required)

Your Town or Post Code (required)

Subject(required)

Your Message (required)
Please give the approximate sizes of your floors, the condition – (chips, scratches, marks, lippage, dity grout} etc.

If you have any images, please upload them below, max 4 images




Stone Floor Cleaning Nottingham – Inclusive Services:  Stone Floor Cleaning, Polishing and Sealing Natural Stone Restoration And Tile

Marble, travertine, terrazzo, limestone, granite, sandstone, flagstone, quarry tiles, minton style clay tiles, porcelain, ceramic tile, dirty grout


Discover How To Polish Your Dull Limestone Floor So It Is The Envy Of Your friends And Neighbours

This post was first shown on http://www.abbeyfloorcare.co.uk/limestone/limestone-cleaning-honing-polishing-sealing-kings-lynn-norfolk/

Thinking about limestone cleaning honing polishing sealing seems a lot do do on a limestone floor. But polished limestone floors can be difficult to keep clean and retain the shine. Over time the surface starts to wear, loose its polish and get grimy. So the tiles will need work to restore the original finish.

I bet you didn’t realise that cleaning can contribute to the loss of shine.

Unfortunately,  standard floor cleaning chemicals are not made for cleaning natural stone like limestone. These chemicals contain ingredients that damage limestone.

Over time:

  • limestone will loose its shine
  • the limestone will become porous and absorb soil
  • the surface of the limestone will go rough and difficult to clean

The floor doesn’t just get attacked from cleaning chemicals. Many chemicals in your kitchen and bathroom are acidic. Acidic chemicals like vinegar, lemon juice and most liquid hand soaps will dissolve limestone, leaving ugly etch marks.

As well as suffering from chemical damage, limestone also suffers from mechanical damage. Most limestones are relatively soft stone compared to hard stones like granite. This means that grit from foot traffic will scuff and scratch the surface of the stone.

We have found that many people don’t really understand how to polish limestone floors or other stone floors like; marble, granite and travertine.

So don’t be too dismayed if your limestone floor has gradually gone dull and you can’t the original shine back.

In this post, we will

  • show you why you need the help of a professional stone restoration company to bring the original finish back to your floor
  • help you understand what’s involved in cleaning and polishing limestone.
  • show you how easy it is to keep your limestone floor looking beautiful for longer.

Limestone Polishing we recently completed in Kings Lynn Norfolk.


Kings Lynn Map

This job has an interesting twist because we arrived at the job expecting to restore a Travertine tile floor.

The client bought the tiles from the supplier as Travertine, and I must admit that the floor can be mistaken for travertine by the unexperienced eye.

limestone cleaning honing polishing sealing can be mistaken for travertine by an unexperienced person

This was because the tiles in the photographs had filler in them making them look like filled and honed travertine.

Once I arrived it was obvious to me that the floor was Limestone. Only a few of the tiles had areas of filler and these were the tiles that the client had photographed. The majority of the tiles were solid without any filler.

The tiles were worn and dull, however, the floor had the beautiful, velvet finish that is a feature of limestone. Some of the tiles had filled holes, and these were the tiles that the client had photographed.

I was surprised that the supplier sold the tiles as Travertine, but it just goes to show how easy it is to make a mistake when dealing with stone.

With the change from Travertine to Limestone, I had to change the work schedule, because cleaning as cleaning honing polishing sealing a Limestone floor is a different process to restoring a filled, honed Travertine floor.

What is Limestone

Limestone is a dense, sedimentary rock, which means it was formed from the bones and shells of ocean-dwelling organisms. As these organisms die, their shells and bones settle on the ocean floor where they are compacted over millions of years, creating limestone from the sediments and the pressure of the ocean water.

Limestone floors can be resurfaced by grinding, honing and polishing. Machine grinding and honing can remove the deepest scratches and marks, leaving a beautiful new finish on the floor.  The floor can then be polished to a variety of finishes from dull smooth, through light sheen to a polish.

How Is Travertine Different To Limestone

Travertine is a natural stone like Limestone. However, it is not the same as Limestone because it is formed in a different way. Travertine is formed when water that has percolated through rock containing limestone, other minerals and organic matter. The dissolved limestone along with the other minerals and organic matter form into layers of stone. Over time, gases escape creating holes, giving the stone a honeycomb or sponge-like structure.

Filled, honed travertine is made by filling the holes in travertine with polyester fillers. The stone is then lightly abraded to smooth the filler and the stone, creating a highly attractive, light sheen finish.

I don’t recommend grinding or aggressively honing filled travertine because the process removes the fillers and reveals more holes in the stone, making restoration a costly process.

I normally restore filled travertine by lightly honing and polishing the surface, so no new holes appear. However, this process does not remove heavy scratches, so the finish is not as deep and clear as when we restore marble or limestone.

I explained the options now available because the floor was Limestone. We agreed on a polished finish.
We started, as always, by protecting the walls and adjoining floor from slurry splashes. We always ask that doors are removed from the work area to give free access to all the floor, for our equipment.
Limestone cleaning and restoration work is dependant on the condition of a floor and the amount of lippage. The lippage – difference in height between adjoining tiles, was generally below 1mm, which is very good, and quite unusual.

floor ready for limestone cleaning honing polishing sealing

The floor was generally in good shape. There were no deep scratches. These scratches are usually the result of dragging furniture across a floor. There were lots of small scratches consistent with foot traffic.

As the floor was not badly scratched and had minimal lippage, we did not need to grind the floor to achieve a high-quality finish. So we started the limestone cleaning honing polishing sealing work by honing the floor with aggressive 100 grit diamond tooling.

The image below shows how the 100 grit honing removes the surface of the floor, removing all the surface scratches.

limestone honing starting at 100 grit giving a dull smooth finish

This process took most of the rest of the first day. We finished off by cleaning areas of dirty grout around the cooker and the sink using a rotary scrubbing machine and 800 grit honing powder.

On the second day, we honed the floor with 200 grit, 400 grit and 800 grit diamonds, giving a lovely smooth light sheen finish.

We then honed an area of the floor to a 1,500 polished finish, so that our client could choose her preferred finish. After some deliberation, she decided on the 1,500 grit finish, finished off with limestone polishing powder.

limestone floor honed to 1500 grit ready for light polishing with limestone polishing powder

The floor could have been finished to a higher shine using a 3000-grit diamond pad, however, this finish will start to show scratches and scuff marks in high traffic areas around the kitchen.

The floor could have been finished to a higher shine using a 3000-grit diamond pad, however, this finish will start to show scratches and scuff marks in high traffic areas around the kitchen.

Once the floor was rinsed and dried, we applied a high-quality impregnating sealer.

Our client was delighted with the finish on her floor. The limestone now has a silky gloss finish. Mopping is so much easier because the mop glides over the smooth finish.

limestone floor polished and sealed

Before leaving we gave clear guidance on maintaining the limestone, the correct limestone cleaners to use and the right microfiber mopping schedule, so the floor will stay cleaner for longer.

If you your limestone floor or any other stone floor needs cleaning and polishing, please contact us at www.abbeyfloorcare.co.uk or call us on 0800 6965 0180, we will be happy to help